Fox terminology is different from that used for most canids.
Male foxes are known as dogs, tods, vixes (plural of vix), or
reynards, females are referred to as vixens, and their young are
called kits or cubs, as well as pups. A group of foxes is a
Most foxes live 2 to 3 years but can survive for up to 10 years,
or even longer, in captivity. Foxes are generally smaller than
other members of the family Canidae such as wolves, jackals, and
domestic dogs. Fox-like features typically include an acute
muzzle (a "fox face") and bushy tail. Other physical
characteristics vary according to their habitat. For example,
the Desert Fox has large ears and short fur, whereas the Arctic
Fox has small ears and thick, insulating fur. Another example is
the Red Fox which has a typical auburn pelt ending normally with
Unlike many canids, foxes are usually not pack animals. Typically, they are solitary, opportunistic feeders that hunt live prey (especially rodents). Using a pouncing technique practiced from an early age, they are usually able to kill their prey quickly. Foxes also gather a wide variety of other foods ranging from grasshoppers to fruit and berries.
Foxes are normally extremely wary of humans and are not kept as pets (with the exception of the Fennec); however, the Silver Fox was successfully domesticated in Russia after a 45 year selective breeding program. This selective breeding also resulted in physical traits appearing that are frequently seen in domestic cats, dogs, and other animals: pigmentation changes, floppy ears, and curly tails.
This Fox Page is Copyright The Animal Web Guide © 2004 - 2009 Chuck Ayoub